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Colon sigmoid anatomie

The combined length of the rectum and sigmoid colon was 48.8 +/- 15.7 cm (Africans 60.9 +/- 14.4 cm, Indians 41.3 +/- 12.2 cm and Whites 44 +/- 11.6 cm). The sigmoid colon was significantly more redundant in Africans (90%), compared to Indians (25%) and Whites (24%) (P = 0.003 for Indians and P = 0.048 for whites) The 40cm long sigmoid colon is located in the left lower quadrant of the abdomen, extending from the left iliac fossa to the level of the S3 vertebra. This journey gives the sigmoid colon its characteristic S shape. The sigmoid colon is attached to the posterior pelvic wall by a mesentery - the sigmoid mesocolon

[Arterial anatomy of the sigmoid colon useful for colon take down techniques] Arq Gastroenterol. Oct-Dec 2003;40(4):209-15. doi: 10.1590/s0004-28032003000400003. Epub 2004 May 31. [Article in Portuguese] Authors Sávio Lana Siqueira 1. The sigmoid colon is the terminal portion of the large intestine before reaching the rectum. It connects the descending colon with the rectum. The sigmoid colon derives its name from a Greek letter sigma The sigmoid colon is an S-shaped loop of the final segment of the colon (the fifth part of the large intestine). The sigmoid colon is the continuation of the descending colon linking the descending colon to the rectum

Video: Radiological anatomy of the sigmoid colo

The Colon - Ascending - Transverse - Descending - Sigmoid

Anatomy of Colon and Rectum. The entire colon is about 5 feet (150 cm) long, and is divided into five major segments. The rectum is the last anatomic segment before the anus.. The ascending and descending colon are supported by peritoneal folds called mesentery.. The right colon consists of the cecum, ascending colon, hepatic flexure and the right half of the transverse colon Sigmoid colon, a terminal section of the large intestine that connects the descending colon to the rectum; its function is to store fecal wastes until they are ready to leave the body. The sigmoid colon derives its name from the fact that it is curved in the form of an S (Greek sigma: σ)

Sigmoid colon - Wikiwand

[Arterial anatomy of the sigmoid colon useful for colon

  1. The sigmoid colon is the last section of the bowel — the part that attaches to the rectum. It's about a foot and a half long (around 40 centimeters) and is shaped like the letter s. Its job is to..
  2. Anatomie Colonul sigmoid începe de la deschiderea superioară a pelvisului mic, unde este continuă colonul iliac și trece transversal pe partea din față a sacrului în partea dreaptă a pelvisului. (Numele sigmoid înseamnă în mod corespunzător forma literei S)
  3. After the distal descending colon has curved medially it enters the pelvis, where it gains a mesentery and is then called the sigmoid colon. It measures approximately 15 cm in length. It has a S (Greek letter sigma) shape and has a variable length and course - its apex may be as high as the umbilicus
  4. Finally, the sigmoid colon is the last part of the colon that takes waste a few more inches, down to the rectum. This is 40 cm long. A cross-section of the rectum and sigmoid colon shows where waste leaves the body, through the anus
  5. The sigmoid colon (or pelvic colon) is the part of the large intestine that is closest to the rectum and anus. It forms a loop that averages about 35-40 centimetres (14-16 in) in length. The loop is typically shaped like a Greek letter sigma (ς) or Latin letter S (thus sigma + -oid)

Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for cancer is considered as a simple surgical approach, which is suitable for primary laparoscopic surgery. However, the success of laparoscopic sigmoidectomy is closely related to the anatomical characteristics of the sigmoid colon. The length, adhesion and morphology of the sigmoid colon vary greatly • The sigmoid colon is a short curving of the colon, just before the rectum. The colon removes water, salt, and some nutrients forming stool. Muscles line the colon's walls, squeezing its contents.. The Iliac part (Iliac Colon) is situated in the left iliac fossa, and is about 12 to 15 cm. long. It begins at the level of the iliac crest, where it is continuous with the descending colon, and ends in the sigmoid colon at the superior aperture of the lesser pelvis

Anatomy of the Anorectal Ring. The sigmoid colon is the most distal part of the large intestine. As the sigmoid colon enters the pelvic inlet, the three taenia coli become a single longitudinal layer of smooth muscle during the transition to the upper rectum Sigmoid colon The sigmoid colon is the part of the large intestine after the descending colon and before the rectum. The name sigmoid means S-shaped (see sigmoid; cf. sigmoid sinus). The walls of the sigmoid colon are muscular and contract to increase the pressure inside the colon, causing the stool to move into the rectum Results: The study showed that the mean length of the sigmoid colon in living subjects was 48.9 ± 1.3 cm (range 30.5-65 cm) while the mean length of the sigmoid colon in cadaver subjects was 50.1 ± 1.6 cm (range 34.5-67.8 cm) and this was not statistically significantly different. Two patterns of the shape of the sigmoid loop were identified. ileocecal valve. prevents retrograde flow of chyme from large to small intestine. sections of the colon. ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid. Ascending colon - Retroperitoneal. travels upward from the cecum to the undersurface of the liver (to right colic flexure) Transverse Colon- Intraperitoneal. from hepatic to splenic flexures The colon is about 1.5 meters long and frames the convolute of the small intestine in the abdominal cavity. However it can be shortened and lie quite flexibly in case of an incomplete rotation of the umbilical loop during embryogenesis. The colon may be subdivided into four parts: ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon

Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Sigmoid Colon Articl

00:21-01:00 Sigmoid colon The recto-sigmoid junction may have an acute angle in some cases. The sigmoid colon can be stretched up to 80 cm but can crumple down to 30 cm when the scope is straightened. Conforming to the pelvis, it passes anteriorly before moving posteriorly to the left paravertebral gutter, often producing a clockwise spiral loop Sigmoid volvulus is more common than cecal volvulus. Sigmoid Volvulus The sigmoid is the last section of the colon. Two anatomic differences can increase the risk of sigmoid volvulus. One is an elongated or movable sigmoid colon that is unattached to the left sidewall of the abdomen. Another is a narrow mesentery that allows twisting at its base Colon sigmoid: Drawing of colon seen from front (sigmoid colon coloured blue) Anatomie. Colonul sigmoid începe de la deschiderea superioară a pelvisului mic, unde este continuă colonul iliac și trece transversal pe partea din față a sacrului în partea dreaptă a pelvisului..

Traveling down the left side of the abdomen, the descending colon curves in an S shape at its end. The area of the curve is known as the sigmoid colon. This final section in the anatomy of the colon ends in the anal canal, or rectum. Structurally, the anatomy of the colon is made up of serous, muscular, and mucous membrane layers of tissues The sigmoid coil should be considered first; this can show different shapes according to the tension exerted by pushing of the scope and its own anatomical length. This because the so-called meso-sigmoid (A), a ligament that fastens the sigmoid colon to the posterior abdominal wall, can have very variable length and looseness (Fig. 6) The sigmoid colon, or as some experts call it, the pelvic colon, is a section of the large intestine that connects the descending colon to the rectum. It helps to flow waste from the colon to the. Sigmoid Colon Diagram Anatomy Sigmoid Colon - Human Anatomy. Find this Pin and more on human anatomy by Rohit Gupta. Article from anatomyorgan.com

The sigmoid colon is the S-shaped part of your lower large intestine and can become strained during constipation, increasing the risk for diverticulitis. Learn how this part of the colon functions. Emma Lloyd Diagram showing the sigmoid colon and other parts of the digestive system. Sigmoid diverticulosis is a condition in which small pouches called diverticula form on the wall of the sigmoid colon, which is the part of the large intestine that connects to the rectum.It's typically associated with certain risk factors, including age and a poor diet Description. The sigmoid Colon (colon sigmoideum; pelvic colon; sigmoid flexure) may be divided in two parts:. The Iliac part (Iliac Colon) is situated in the left iliac fossa, and is about 12 to 15 cm. long.It begins at the level of the iliac crest, where it is continuous with the descending colon, and ends in the sigmoid colon at the superior aperture of the lesser pelvis

Anatomy of the Anorectal Ring. The sigmoid colon is the most distal part of the large intestine. As the sigmoid colon enters the pelvic inlet, the three taenia coli become a single longitudinal layer of smooth muscle during the transition to the upper rectum sigmoid colon has mesentery; where mesentery ends is the boundary between sigmoid colon and rectum Describe the clinical significance of diverticulitis : herniation of mucosal lining through circular muscle layer, which forms sacs that can fill with feces and get inflamed, causing pai Your colon has 4 sections: Ascending Colon - The first section of the large intestine. It connects to the small intestine by the cecum. Transverse Colon - The second section that runs across your body. Descending Colon - goes down the left side of your body. Sigmoid Colon - The last section of the large intestine that leads to the rectum The sigmoid colon represents the terminus of the colon. The sigmoid colon lies in the left lower quadrant, usually in the true pelvis, although it is lifted into the false pelvis by the gravid uterus ( Fig. 1-5 ). It varies in length from 15 to 50 cm. The sigmoid colon is the narrowest portion of the colon, with a diameter equivalent to that of.

Sigmoid colon anatomy, location, function, polyps

The sigmoid colon is completely surrounded by peritoneum, which forms the sigmoid mesocolon (Figure 139-10).The sigmoid mesocolon usually has an inverted V-shaped attachment (although it can be U-shaped or straight), 15 extending from the left iliac fossa to the pelvic brim and then across the left sacroiliac joint at the second or third sacral space, with the apex of the V at the. The root of the sigmoid mesocolon courses mediad from the left iliac fossa crossing the common iliac vessels, ureter and the ovarian/testicular vessels. The ureter crosses the psoas muscle from superolateral to inferomedial. The ureter courses below the Gerota fascia posterior to the descending colon Colon Anatomy and Physiology. The colon is divided into: Caecum (appendix off this) Ascending colon; Transverse colon; Descending colon; Sigmoid colon; Rectum; The ascending and descending colon are retroperitoneal, these are immobile. The transverse is mobile and lies within the peritoneal cavity. The transverse colon is supported by the.

About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators. The descending colon runs down the left side of the abdomen. The next segment, the sigmoid colon, joins the descending colon to the rectum. Stool leaves the body through an opening called the anus. Image Source: MedicineNet, Inc. Text Reference: Anatomy of Colon and Rectum. National Cancer Institute Le côlon sigmoïde (ou côlon pelvien) est une partie du côlon, c'est une boucle située entre la fosse iliaque gauche de l'abdomen et le petit bassin.Il fait suite au côlon descendant en haut, et est relié au rectum en bas.. Il est mobilisable (on peut passer la main dessous lors d'une dissection ou une opération chirurgicale), les vaisseaux qui l'irriguent peuvent donc subir des.

Anatomy of Colon and Rectum SEER Trainin

  1. Anatomy Blood supply to colon from superior and inferior mesenteric arteries Junction—relatively poor blood supply Rectum—three sources—IMA, internal iliac, internal pudendal Venous drainage of rectum to IMV/portal and to systemic circulation Connected by venous cushions--rrhoid
  2. The distal colon is the descending colon and the sigmoid colon together. Rectum. The rectum is the lower part of the large intestine that connects to the sigmoid colon. It is about 15 cm (6 in) long. It receives waste from the colon and stores it until it passes out of the body through the anus
  3. K, solidify and expel the fecal matter, etc
  4. Lianos G, Ignatiadou E, Lianou E, Anastasiadi Z, Fatouros M. Simultaneous volvulus of the transverse and sigmoid colon: case report. G Chir. 2012 Oct. 33 (10):324-6.. Elsharif M, Basu I, Phillips D
  5. The ascending colon, beginning with a saclike structure called the cecum, is located on the lower right side of the abdomen and curves left below the liver.; The transverse colon extends across the abdomen from right to left.; The descending colon drops down to the pelvis, where it curves under the small intestine.; The sigmoid colon is the final S-shaped section, which connects to the rectum
  6. In the anatomy of the digestive system, the colon is another name for the large intestine. The main function of the colon appears to be extraction of water from feces.In mammals, it consists of the ascending colon, transverse colon, the descending colon, and the sigmoid colon

Sigmoid colon anatomy Britannic

Sigmoid Colon: Where It Is, What It Does, and Why It's

Lymph nodes of the colon: The lymph nodes are named according to the blood vessels with which they travel. Thus there is the ileocolic group (1) right colic (2), middle colic (3) left colic (7), sigmoid (8), superior rectal (9), middle rectal (11), and inferior rectal (12) Anatomy and physiology of diverticular disease. Diverticular disease is a twentieth century disease that results in part from changes in diet, age and lifestyle although there is little research to support this (Bassotti et al., 2003). It is one of the most frequent diseases seen in gastroenterology departments Anatomy. The rectum is a hollow muscular tube about 8 inches (20 cm) in length and 2.5 inches in diameter at its widest point. It extends from the inferior end of the sigmoid colon along the anterior surface of the sacrum and coccyx in the posterior of the pelvic cavity. At its inferior end, the rectum tapers slightly before ending at the anus

Minimally invasive (laparoscopic and robotic) techniques of left/sigmoid colectomy are discussed in another topic. (See Minimally invasive techniques: Left/sigmoid colectomy and proctectomy.) COLON ANATOMY. The colon and rectum occupy the retroperitoneal and intraperitoneal spaces, in close approximation to solid organs . The ascending and. The large intestine, also known as the colon, is part of the digestive tract. The digestive tract includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and rectum. The large intestine is approximately 5 feet long, making up one-fifth of the length of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The large intestine is responsible for processing indigestible food material (chyme) after.

Home; Books; Search; Support. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. Terms and Conditions; Get Published. Overall colon anatomy has four main sections. Your large intestine is broken down into six sections including the cecum ascending colon transverse colon descending colon sigmoid colon and the rectum. Parts of colon and rectum cecum proximal right colon 6 x 9 cm pouch covered with peritoneum. Colon anatomy gross anatomy http://www.nucleushealth.com/ - This 3D medical animation shows the normal digestive functions of the colon, outlines various conditions that may require sur.. Signs & Symptoms. Five-Year Survival Rates. Review. Anatomy of Colon and Rectum. Layers of Bowel Wall. Regional Lymph Nodes. Review. Abstracting, Coding, & Staging. ICD-O Site Codes

Colon sigmoid - Wikipedi

Sigmoid colon Radiology Reference Article Radiopaedia

Overview of the normal anatomy of the sigmoid colon and left ureter in a male figure. This file is in PDF format & designed for creating the highest quality printouts at 30 x 40 inches. For printing and mounting, we recommend using a commercial printing service for best results The sigmoid colon forms a large freely mobile loop that's attached by this double sheet of peritoneum, the sigmoid mesocolon. The sigmoid colon passes down into the pelvic cavity: there's a lot of it down there, which we'll bring out. As it passes into the pelvic cavity the sigmoid colon approaches the midline. The sigmoid mesocolon becomes. It is suspected that dimensions of the sigmoid colon change with age. This study documents data on the anatomical measurements of the sigmoid colon in 70 Indian subjects (51 live and 19 cadavers). Seven parameters of sigmoid colon anatomy measured included length and width of the sigmoid colon and mesocolon at specific points Sigmoid volvulus. If you don't have signs of damage to your colon, your doctor may use flexible sigmoidoscopy to examine your sigmoid colon and try to untwist the volvulus. If the procedure is successful, the doctor may plan surgery to remove the affected part of your colon. This surgery can prevent the volvulus from happening again

Anatomy of the Colon and Rectum - Pristyn Car

The cecum, transverse colon and the sigmoid colon are peritoneal, and are suspended by mesenteries. 12. Consider the derivation of the anterior cecal fold (vascular), the ileocecal fold, the mesoappendix, the transverse mesocolon, and the sigmoid mesocolon with regard to gut development. (N 273, TG 5-15 One is the sigmoid colon, where it can be difficult to get around the acute bends of the rectosigmoid and the sigmoid descending colon junction. This problem is found in young, slender women as well as patients who have had pelvic surgery, such as a hysterectomy or another gynecologic surgery. JW For patients with postsurgical anatomy.

After entering the pelvis inferiorly, it becomes the s-shaped sigmoid colon, which extends medially to the midline (Figure 4). The ascending and descending colon, and the rectum (discussed next) are located in the retroperitoneum. The transverse and sigmoid colon are tethered to the posterior abdominal wall by the mesocolon This page provides a photo gallery that presents the anatomy of the abdomen by means of CT (axial, coronal, and sagittal reconstructions). Learn more. 6, Sigmoid colon. 7, Small bowel. 8, Colon. 9, Heart. Image 20. Atlas of CT Anatomy of the Abdomen. Coronal reconstruction. 1, Right lung. 2, Portal vein. 3, Liver The 4 basic layers of the colon: This diagram illustrates the 4 basic layers of the colon. The inner pink layer is the mucosa, the yellow layer beneath the mucosa is called the submucosa, while the red layer is the muscular layer (muscularis) and the 4 th. layer is called the serosa or adventitia.. Courtesy Ashley Davidoff M Anatomy of the Colon and Rectum Richard L. Drake Jennifer M. McBride Introduction Fig. 1. The components of the large intestine, which consists of the cecum, the appendix, and the ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid colons, the rectum and the anal canal. (From Drake RL, Vogl W, Mitchell AWM, et al. Gray's Atlas of Anatomy Proctoscope : view the rectum and distal sigmoid colon, about 20-22 cm long Flexible Sigmoidoscope : can visualize the left colon, may be uptothe splenic flexure Colonoscope : view the entire colon and may be the distal terminal ileu

Sigmoid colon - Wikipedi

  1. ation from the body. Before turning around 90 degrees the sigmoid colon bends toward the.
  2. Title: Colon Anatomy (with Small Intestine Label) Description: Drawing shows the cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum. Also shown is the small intestine. The cecum connects the small intestine to the colon. The colon includes the ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, and sigmoid colon
  3. It is known as the sigmoid colon at the level of the iliac crest. The sigmoid colon: The sigmoid colon has an S-shaped and passes downwards to form the rectum. The rectum. The rectum is the final straight portion of the large intestine. It is a slightly dilated and measures about 13 cm long. It starts from the sigmoid colon and ends in the anal.

[Application of sigmoid colon anatomy to laparoscopic

Sigmoid Colon (Pelvic Colon) The sigmoid colon is around 15 inches (37.5 cm) long and attaches the descending colon with the rectum. It's S shaped and therefore its name, sigmoid colon (G. Sigma = S-shaped alphabet) Sporadic (Nonhereditary) Colorectal Cancer: Anatomy Anatomy The lower gastrointestinal tract is divided into the cecum, ascending, transverse, descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum. The large intestine (colorectum) begins at the cecum, which is a pouch of approximately 2 to 3 inches in length

Picture of the Human Colon Anatomy & Common Colon Condition

Surg Radiol Anat (2008) 30:409-415 DOI 10.1007/s00276-008-0344-3 123 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Radiological anatomy of the sigmoid colon T. E. Madiba · M. R. HaVajee · M. H. Sikhosan At the left side of the abdomen, the transverse colon turns about 90 degrees at the splenic flexure and runs down the left side of the abdomen as the descending colon. At the end of the descending colon, the large intestine bends slightly medially at the sigmoid flexure to form the S-shaped sigmoid colon before straightening into the rectum Colorectal anatomy includes the area from the ileocecal valve to the anus. Parts of the colon are cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum The function of each sigmoid vein is to drain the sigmoid colon, the portion of the large intestine closest to the anus and rectum. The sigmoid colon, part of the digestive system, must be drained. Colon anatomy. The sigmoid colon the s shaped region of the large intestine. The colon is also called the large intestine. The ascending colon travels up the right side of the abdomen. Parts of colon and rectum cecum proximal right colon 6 x 9 cm pouch covered with peritoneum. The colon is a 5 6ft long inverted u shaped part of the large.

Sigmoid colon - Colon sigmoideum - IMAIO

The variable incidence of sigmoid volvulus, which depends on the presence of an elongated sigmoid colon, suggests the possibility of variations in the length of the sigmoid colon. This study was undertaken among the three major population groups to prove this hypothesis. Radiological films of patients of the three population groups (African, Indian and White) undergoing barium enema were reviewed Sigmoid: In human anatomy, the lower colon (the lower portion of the large bowel). Sigmoid is short for sigmoid colon. From the Greek letter sigma, which is shaped like a C. Sigmoid also means curved in two directions like the letter S. For example, a sigmoid curve is an S-shaped curve

Sigmoid - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

  1. colon anatomically four parts - ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid. layers from lumen outward - mucosa, submucosa, nuscularis externa, adventitia/serosa; Objectives. The aim of this practical class is to relate the normal histology of the colon to its function, and to contrast this with the changes that occur in colonic neoplasia
  2. Angiodysplasia Telangiectasia. The pathogenesis of angiodysplasia is not entirely clear. In addition to hereditary forms, such as hereditary hemorrhagic telan-giectasia (HHT), there also appear to be acquired forms, as suggested by the more frequent occurrence of angiodysplasias in the colon with increasing age
  3. NORMAL ANATOMY OF SIGMOID COLON S LEFT URETER Anterior Oblique View Adrenal gland Left kidney 0410 Bladder . Title: Instant Anatomy Colon | mobile.kwc.edu Author: D Siedentop - 2013 - mobile.kwc.edu Subject: Download Instant Anatomy Colon - Keywords
  4. ate în mediul exterior din organism. Spre deosebire de intestinul subțire, colonul nu joacă un rol important în absorbție
  5. Anatomy: Colon The colon is approximately 1.5 meters in length, extending from the ileocecal valve to the dentate line of the anus. The right colon consists of the cecum, ascending colon, hepatic flexure, and proximal transverse colon while the left colon is comprised of the distal transverse colon

Large intestine - Wikipedi

Descending colon Rectum Sigmoid colon Splenic flexure; A surgeon has decided to perform a segmental resection of the descending colon on a 70-year-old man with intestinal cancer. In principle, any of these surgical procedures might be necessary EXCEPT: An extended left lower quadrant incision to approach the descending colon Anatomy of the colon. View full-sized image. Download Media Please credit each image as: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health

Large intestine: Anatomy, blood supply and innervation

The Role of the Anatomy of the Sigmoid Colon in Developing

anatomy essays for final exam 24. caecum. the vermiform appendix position, shape, size. structure of the wall. peritoneal relation. blood supply, lymph drainage Colon - The Colon is divided into four parts: the ascending, transverse, descending, (The transverse colon and sigmoid. colon, w hich are immediately proximal and distal, are. Goligher JC (1967) Surgical anatomy and physiology of the colon, rectum, and anus. In: Goligher JC (ed) Surgery of the anus, rectum, and colon, 2nd edn. Bailliere, Tindall and Cassell, London, pp 1-54 Google Schola Lianos G, Ignatiadou E, Lianou E, Anastasiadi Z, Fatouros M. Simultaneous volvulus of the transverse and sigmoid colon: case report. G Chir. 2012 Oct. 33 (10):324-6.. Elsharif M, Basu I, Phillips D digestive system anatomy. Saved by Tasha Taylor. 3. Gross Anatomy Human Anatomy Math Study Guide Study Guides Intestines Anatomy Digestive System Anatomy Sigmoid Colon Study Board Home Health Remedies

Colon Diseases | Basicmedical KeyPicture of the ColonFile:Colonic blood supply

The descending and sigmoid colon were present on the right side of abdomen. Inferior mesenteric artery arose from the right side of the ventral surface of the abdominal aorta to supply the left one-third of transverse colon, splenic flexure, descending colon, sigmoid colon, etc. This was a rare case. Keyword Anatomy of the Sigmoid PostPost--opop z Male Female Obese University of Louisville Female. University of Louisville Positioning. Anal Intubation University of Louisville Traversing Junction of Sigmoid and Descending Colon Going well, but lots of scope University of Louisville Acute angle, tough going. Reducing Loops Alpha Loop N Loop. Your Answer. -- Select -- Anus Appendix Ascending colon Descending colon Rectum Sigmoid colon Transverse colon. -- Select -- Anus Appendix Ascending colon Descending colon Rectum Sigmoid colon Transverse colon Colon Anatomy. sigmoid colon stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Massive diverticulosis in human intestinte. Diverticulitis results of the inflammation of one of the diverticula. Diverticula in the large intestine. Diverticulitis results of the inflammation of one of these diverticula. The most common sympton is abdominal pain.n. Colon and Rectum Surgical Anatomy and Physiology. Rectum is situated in the posterior part of the lesser pelvis in front of the lower 3 sections of the sacrum and the coccyx and behind the urinary bladder in the male and uterus in the female. u000bThe Rectum is the distal part of the large intestine between the sigmoid colon and the anal canal